>>Coming up, it’s theHigh School
Quiz Showchampionship, with Lexington High School! (applause) Taking on Advanced Math
and Science Academy! (applause) That’s next
onHigh School Quiz Show!♪ ♪>>Buying insurance shouldn’t be
a race against time. These are the most important
assets you’re protecting. You can talk to an independent
agent about Safety Insurance. We’ll help you manage
life’s storms.>>COSTA: Hi everybody, and welcome in
toHigh School Quiz Show.I’m your host, Billy Costa,
and this is it. The final two teams. The match that will determine the 2016High School Quiz Show
state champion. Today’s championship match-up has Advanced Math and Science
Academy from Marlborough taking on Lexington High School. Let’s get right to it
and meet these fabulous teams. On the Advanced Math
and Science team, we have Shashank, Abhinav,
Ani, and Tim, with the alternates Abhiram
and Rohan on the sidelines, and of course,
coach Jessica Bowen. Nice round of applause! (applause) And from the Lexington High
team, we have Ravi, Colin,
Devin, and Krishna, and coaches Carrie Darling
and Bill Cole, everybody. (applause) The competition has four rounds:
a toss-up, a head-to-head, a category round,
and a lightning round. And of course, we’ll start
with the toss-up round. All answers are worth
ten points, and this is the only round with no point deductions
for any wrong answers. So teams, good luck
and here we go. Gangsters Al Capone
and George “Machine Gun” Kelly were inmates at what notorious
prison in San Francisco Bay? Yes, Krishna.>>Alcatraz.
>>COSTA: Yes. In Jonathan Swift’s satire
Gulliver’s Travels,Gulliver travels to what land, where all the residents
are under six inches tall? Yes, Krishna.>>Lilliput.
>>COSTA: Yes. An irregularly shaped cornea
can result in what common eye disorder
that begins with the letter “A”? Yes, Tim.>>Astigmatism.>>COSTA: Yes. What country’s highest peak,
Pico Turquino, is about 100 miles west
of Guantanamo Bay? Yes, Krishna.>>Cuba.>>COSTA: Yes. All right,
take a look at your screens, you will see a picture. Now, this robe is
for a male performer of what classical form
of Japanese theatre that has existed since
the 14th century? Yes, Devin.>>Kabuki Theater.>>COSTA: No, Advanced Math? Ani.>>Noh.
>>COSTA: Yes, that’s correct. The fastest kind of seismic
waves are called P waves. What does the “P” stand for? Yes, Abhinav.>>Primary.
>>COSTA: Yes. In December 2015, what chair
of the U.S. Federal Reserve announced that the Fed
was raising interest rates for the first time
in nearly a decade? Yes, Shashank.>>Janet Yellen.
>>COSTA: Yes. The Black Death, one of the most devastating
pandemics in human history, peaked in Europe during
the middle part of what century? Yes, Shashank.>>14th century.
>>COSTA: Yes. Who is the only person
to ever beat Venus Williams in a Wimbledon singles final? Yes, Ravi.>>Serena Williams.
>>COSTA: Yes. And now take a look
at your screens. The next question is a video
question, and here it comes.>>Hello, I’m Charlie Baker,
governor of Massachusetts. Here’s my question. The Massachusetts State House was built on land
originally owned by what first elected governor
of Massachusetts and signer of the Declaration
of Independence?>>COSTA: Yes, Colin.>>John Hancock.
>>COSTA: Of course. Okay, according to psychologist
Erik Erikson’s famous theory of development,
individuals pass through how many developmental stages
from infancy to late adulthood? Yes, Shashank.>>Seven.>>COSTA: No, Lexington,
you want to try? Colin.>>Four.>>COSTA:
No, eight is the answer. During World War II,
the German defense of Normandy was led by what field marshal
nicknamed the Desert Fox? Yes, Krishna.>>Rommel.
>>COSTA: Yes. What is the name of the panda
cub born in October of 2015 at the Smithsonian’s
National Zoo? Yes, Colin.>>Bei Bei.>>COSTA: Yes. If you raise the temperature
inside a sealed tube, which of the following
will happen to the pressure? It will: A. increase,
B. decrease, or C. stay the same. Yes, Ani.>>A.>>COSTA: Increase is right. Math question: What is the value of x
when 12 over x equals 9 over 6? Yes, Ravi.>>8.>>COSTA: 8 is right. Although he won
the Battle of Antietam, what Union general was removed
from his command because he failed to move
rapidly to destroy Lee’s army? Yes, Krishna.>>McClellan.
>>COSTA: Yes. Dean Moriarty
is the reckless hero of what 1957 novel
by Jack Kerouac? Yes, Colin.>>On the Road.
>>COSTA: Yes. Pocahontas was the first
Native American to learn English and the first to marry
an Englishman. What settler did she marry
on April 5, 1614? Yes, Shashank.>>John Rolfe.
>>COSTA: Yes. What country that borders
both the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
is the most populous country in the Arab world? Yes, Krishna.>>Egypt.
>>COSTA: Yes. What LA improv company is named
for the lowest level of patrons at Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre, infamous for talking
during performances and giving feedback
in the form of rotten fruit? Yes, Colin.>>Groundlings.>>COSTA: Yes. Which of the following
capital cities is closest
to Mount Kilimanjaro? Is it A. Rabat, B. Kinshasa,
or C. Nairobi? Yes, Krishna.>>Nairobi.
>>COSTA: Yes. Known as “the Father
of the Symphony,” the great composer
Franz Joseph Haydn was born in 1732
in what present-day country? Colin.>>Austria.>>COSTA: Yes. Derived from the Spanish word
for scrub oak, what type of biome
is characterized by hot, dry land densely covered
with shrubs and small trees? Yes, Krishna.>>Chaparral.>>COSTA: Yes. Math question: Lisa spent three-quarters
of her paycheck on furniture and the rest on a TV. If the TV cost her $200, what was the original value
of her paycheck? Yes, Ravi.>>$800.
>>COSTA: Yes. Miles Halter, a boy fascinated
by famous last words, is the protagonist
of what book that was John Green’s
first novel? Yes, Abhinav.>>A Fault in Our Stars.>>COSTA: No, Lexington? Yes, Krishna.>>Looking for Alaska.
>>COSTA: Yes. Served hot and frothy
and flavored with chili peppers, what was the favored drink
of the Mayan elite? Yes, Devin.>>Hot chocola… Uh, cocoa, chocolate?>>COSTA: Yes. In 2015, what Grammy-winning
a cappella group sold more than
one million copies of their album
That’s Christmas to Me?Yes, Krishna.>>Pentatonix.>>COSTA: Yes. For eukaryotic cells, what process
of cell reproduction gives rise to two genetically
identical daughter cells? Yes, Ravi.>>Mitosis.
>>COSTA: Yes. First coming to prominence
around the year 600 B.C., what wise Athenian statesman
known as “the Lawgiver” is remembered for his reforms that led to the rise
of democracy? Yes, Devin.>>Draco.>>COSTA: No, Advanced Math? Yes, Tim.>>Solon.
>>COSTA: Yes. In 1894,
President Grover Cleveland sent federal troops to Chicago
to crush what labor strike that crippled railroad traffic
across the nation? Yes, Krishna.>>The Pullman Strike.
>>COSTA: Yes. Who wrote about the hardship
and injustice of debtors’ prison in his novelLittle Dorrit?Yes, Krishna.>>Charles Dickens.
>>COSTA: Yes. From the Latin meaning
“exchange,” what thin layer between
the xylem and the phloem of most vascular plants
gives rise to new cells and is responsible
for secondary growth? Yes, Colin.>>The cambium.
>>COSTA: Yes. Since 2009, the American
Repertory Theatre in Cambridge has been running
The Donkey Show,a disco musical adaptation
of what Shakespeare play? Yes, Colin.>>A Midsummer Night’s Dream.>>COSTA: Yes. At 92 feet below sea level,
what capital city of Azerbaijan is the lowest-lying national
capital in the world? Yes, Colin.>>Baku.
>>COSTA: Yes. What British philosopher
born in 1806 is chiefly remembered for his
theory of utilitarianism, which holds that one should make
the most amount of happiness for the greatest number
of people? Yes, Abhinav.>>Bentham.>>COSTA: No, Lexington,
you want to try? Devin?>>Mill.>>COSTA:
Yes, John Stuart Mill. After her husband’s murder
in 1865, what wife of Abraham Lincoln became the first
presidential widow to receive a yearly pension? Yes, Ani.>>Mary Todd.>>COSTA: Yes. What city is the…
(buzzer) Oh, there’s the bell
ending the round. Everybody can breathe. The score right now, Advanced
Math and Science, 90 points, Lexington High School,
260 points. Let’s go, folks! (applause) All right, the head-to-head
round is next. First, we take a minute
to ask our players about their plans
after high school. Advanced Math and Science
will start, and that means you, Shashank.>>So I want to go
to a university that’s close to a city, and I
want to pursue a pre-med track.>>COSTA: Oh, nice. Abhinav?>>Yeah, so going
along that line, I would like to pursue
biomedical engineering at a university.>>COSTA: Mm-hmm, and Ani?>>I’d like to go
to a nice small college and major
in chemical engineering and maybe computer science.>>COSTA: Very nice, and Tim?>>Yeah, I’d also like
to go to college. (laughter) I’d like to go study abroad
and perhaps major in English.>>COSTA: I’m sure you’re all
going to do just fine. Lexington High School, Ravi,
how about you?>>I’m a junior, so I haven’t started
the application process yet, but I’m looking
for a local college that has a strong
debate program.>>COSTA: Mm-hmm, and Colin?>>I’m also a junior,
but I’d like to go to a college or university
near or in a city.>>COSTA: Mm-hmm, and Devin?>>I’m a senior, so I’m looking for a college
that has a strong history and interdisciplinary program.>>COSTA: Very nice,
and Krishna?>>Like Ravi and Colin,
I’m also a junior, so I haven’t really started
the process yet, but I’m looking for a university
which is good in the sciences and the humanities,
so breadth, basically.>>COSTA: Okay, well,
we’re about to start the head-to-head round, and you
guys all know how this works. One of you will come forward
and represent the team. Advanced Math and Science,
who’s it going to be? Shashank. And Lexington High? Colin, okay. Shashank, Colin,
let’s go head-to-head. Come on down. (applause) All right, we’re about to go
head-to-head. I have Colin on my left
from Lexington High School. I’ve also got Shashank
from Advanced Math and Science on my right. If you guys are ready,
let’s shake hands. This is the championship round. And as a reminder,
in this round, you get ten points
for correct answers. Incorrect answers are going
to cost you ten points, and you can buzz in at any time. The clock is set at 90 seconds,
and here we go. How many amendments make up
the U.S. Bill of Rights?>>Ten.
>>COSTA: Yes. In human anatomy, what layer of skin lies
directly above the dermis?>>Epidermis.
>>COSTA: Yes. What Canadian province borders
the U.S. state of Washington?>>British Columbia.>>COSTA: Yes. Who was the mayor
of New York City at the time
of the terrorist attacks…?>>Rudy Giuliani.
>>COSTA: Yes. What is the SI unit
of electrical current?>>Uh… hertz.>>COSTA: No, the amp. What fictional starship has
the serial number NCC…?>>Enterprise.>>COSTA: Yes. Who died at 46 just six months after publishing
his last novel,1984?>>George Orwell.
>>COSTA: Yes. Around 387 B.C.,
what Greek philosopher opened his Academy
>>COSTA: Yes. What is the chemical formula
of silicon dioxide?>>SiO2.
>>COSTA: Yes. What German author wrote the
1912 novellaDeath in Venice?>>Thomas Mann.
>>COSTA: Yes. How many milligrams
are in a gram?>>One thousand.
>>COSTA: Yes. What peasant known as “the mad
monk” strongly influenced…?>>Rasputin.>>COSTA: Yes. In 1852, what British physician first publishedThe Thesaurus
of English Words and Phrases?(buzzer) Roget. Emi Koussi is the highest peak
in what desert?>>The Sahara.
>>COSTA: Yes. Anubis was
the jackal-headed god…?>>Mummification?>>COSTA:
Egyptian was the answer. The Cape of Good Hope
is at the southern…?>>Africa.
>>COSTA: Yes. Both protons and neutrons
have an approximate mass of how many AMU?>>One.
>>COSTA: Yes. The Pacific Ocean
was named in 1519 by what…?>>Ferdinand Magellan.
>>COSTA: Yes.A Streetcar Named Desire
by Tennessee Williams is set…?>>New Orleans.
>>COSTA: Yes. (buzzer) That’s the end of round two. Let’s take a look at the score,
shall we? Advanced Math and Science,
170 points, Lexington High School,
320 points. Nice round of applause
for both teams. Colin, good luck with the rest
of the round. Shashank, good luck. (applause) Next up is the category round, and we have
the following categories: Far Out, Mr. Madison’s War,
Norse Code, Now Playing, Reelin’ in the Years,
and Late Greats. Now, each category
has five questions with increasing point values. Players, you can confer
with your teammates, but once you buzz in, you’re
no longer allowed to confer. We’re going to need your answer. Advanced Math and Science, you’ve got some ground
to make up– not much,
but you’ve got some ground. You will get to choose
the first category. I’m ready, let’s go.>>We’re doing Far Out.>>COSTA: Okay, questions
about astrophysics. For ten points: the relationship
between mass and energy is expressed as what equation in Einstein’s theory
of special relativity? Yes, Abhinav.>>e=mc-squared.>>COSTA: Yes, you’ve still got
the board, Advanced Math.>>Stick with it.>>COSTA: We’re going to stay
with it for 15 points. In the early 1600s,
what German astronomer established the three
planetary laws of motion? Yes, Shashank.>>Kepler.>>COSTA: Yes, you’ve still got
the board, Advanced Math.>>Stay with it.>>COSTA: Okay, Far Out
for 20 points. Often used in science fiction
to explain time travel, Einstein’s general theory
of relativity allows for the possibility
of what portal or tunnel between black holes? Yes, Devin.>>Wormholes.>>COSTA: Yes, and you’ve got
the board now, category?>>Mr. Madison’s War.>>COSTA: Mr. Madison’s War,
this is a new category. These are questions
about the War of 1812. And for ten points:
when America declared war, Britain had over 500 ships
and the U.S. Navy had only 16. Luckily for the U.S.,
most of Britain’s ships were busy fighting
what European leader? Yes, Shashank.>>Napoleon.>>COSTA: Yes, and now you’ve
got the board, Advanced Math.>>Far Out.>>COSTA: This time
for 25 points. In 1974, what British physicist worked out the exact
theoretical model for how a black hole
could emit radiation? Yes, Devin.>>Stephen Hawking.>>COSTA: Yes, and you’ve got
the board now, category?>>Back to Madison’s War.>>COSTA:
We’re going back there, Mr. Madison’s War for 15 points. Whose victory
at the Battle of New Orleans made him a national hero and paved the way
for his presidency in 1829? Yes, Colin.>>Andrew Jackson.>>COSTA: Yes, that’s correct,
and you’ve got the board.>>Stay with it for 20.>>COSTA:
Mr. Madison’s War for 20. In 1813, the dying captain
James Lawrence of the U.S.S.Chesapeakegave
what final five-word command that became a rallying cry
for the Americans? Yes, Colin.>>”Don’t give up the ship!”>>COSTA: That’s correct. You’ve still got the board,
Lexington.>>Mr. Madison’s War for 25.>>COSTA: All right. What Shawnee chief who led a large tribal confederacy
in support of the British was killed in battle
on October 5, 1813? Yes, Devin.>>Tecumseh.
>>COSTA: That’s correct. You’ve still got the board,
Lexington.>>Mr. Madison’s War for 30.>>COSTA: All right. The lyrics
to “The Star Spangled Banner” were penned by Francis Scott Key
on September 14, 1814 after he watched the British
attack what fort in Baltimore? Yes, Devin.>>Fort McHenry.>>COSTA: Yes, and you’ve
got the board. You’ll need a category.>>Late Greats for ten.>>COSTA: Late Greats, questions about people
who passed away in 2015. For ten points:
the death of actor Leonard Nimoy prompted an outpouring
of tributes on Twitter under the hashtag #LLAP,
which stands for what?>>Live long and prosper.>>COSTA: Yes, you’ve still got
the board, Lexington.>>Late Greats for 15, please.>>COSTA: All right. The song “When Love
Comes to Town” is a collaboration between U2
and what guitar legend known as
“the King of the Blues”? Yes, Devin.>>B.B. King.>>COSTA: Yes, and you’ve still
got the board, Lexington.>>Stay with Late Greats.>>COSTA: For 20 points. What British neurologist wrote
about the mysteries of the brain in the best-selling books
AwakeningsandThe Man Who Mistook
His Wife for a Hat?Yes, Colin.
>>Oliver Sacks.>>COSTA: Yes, you’ve still got
the board.>>Late Greats for 25 points,
please.>>COSTA: All right. What Princeton mathematician
who won a Nobel Prize for his contributions
to game theory was the inspiration for the film
A Beautiful Mind?Yes, Shashank.>>Nash.>>COSTA: Yes, John Nash. Advanced Math,
you’ve got the board.>>Far Out.>>COSTA: Far Out for 30 points. Any mass can become a black hole if it collapses down
into what radius named after the German
astronomer who calculated its formula
in 1916? Yes, Tim.>>Schwarzschild.>>COSTA: Yes, you’ve still got
the board, Advanced Math.>>Late Greats.>>COSTA: Late Greats,
30 points at stake here. What Irish-American star ofMiracle on 34th Street
andThe Parent Trapwas known as
“the Queen of Technicolor” for her red hair
and green eyes? (buzzer) Maureen O’Hara is the answer, and I believe, Advanced Math,
you’ve got the board.>>Norse Code.>>COSTA: Norse Code, this is
a new category, by the way, questions about Norse Mythology,
and for ten points: What god of storm and thunder
has iron gloves and an invincible flying hammer? Yes, Tim.>>Thor.>>COSTA: Yes, you’ve still got
the board.>>Stick with it.>>COSTA: Norse Code
for 15 points. Balder, the god of light, is killed by his brother Hod,
the god of darkness, at the instigation
of what wily trickster? Yes, Shashank.>>Loki.>>COSTA: Yes, you’ve still got
the board.>>Keep going.>>COSTA: Okay, Norse Code
for 20 points. The principal group of gods,
the Aesir, lives at what heavenly palace connected to the earth
by a rainbow bridge? Yes, Ani.
>>Asgard.>>COSTA: Yes, you’ve still got
the board, Advanced Math.>>We’ll stick with it.>>COSTA: Norse Code
for 25 points. What Old Norse word meaning
“Doom of the Gods” refers to a series
of apocalyptic events that signals the end
of the world? Yes, Abhinav.>>Ragnarök,
we’ll stick with it.>>COSTA: Yes, okay, Norse Code
for 30 points. What’s the name of the wolf
that swallows Odin at Ragnarök and is slain by Vitharr? Yes, Colin.>>Fenrir.>>COSTA: Yes, and you’ve got
the board now, new category?>>Reelin’ in the Years.>>COSTA: Reelin’ in the Years. This is a new category–
name that year. And for ten points: President
John F. Kennedy was assassinated while riding in a motorcade
in Dallas on November 22nd of what year? Yes, Tim.>>1965.>>COSTA: No, Lexington?>>1963.>>COSTA: Yes, and you’ve still
got the board, Lexington.>>Reelin’ in the Years
for 15 points, please.>>COSTA: All right,
the Soviet flag flew over the Kremlin in Moscow
for the last time on Christmas Day of what year? Yes, Abhinav.
>>1991.>>COSTA: That is correct,
now you’ve got the board.>>We’ll stick with it.>>COSTA: Reelin’ in the Years
for 20 points. The Vietnam War
was effectively ended when Saigon finally fell to Communist
North Vietnamese forces on April 30th of what year? Yes, Shashank.>>1973.>>COSTA: No, Lexington,
want to try it? (buzzer) 1975 is the answer,
but you’ve still got the board.>>Reelin’ in the Years.>>COSTA: Reelin’ in the Years,
this time for 25 points. Following a nationalist struggle that lasted
nearly three decades, India and Pakistan both won
their independence from Britain in August of what year? Yes, Shashank.>>1947.>>COSTA: That is correct,
you’ve still got the board.>>Stick with it.>>COSTA: Reelin’ in the Years
for 30 points. Authors Miguel de Cervantes
and William Shakespeare both died in April of what year? (buzzer) 1616. I’ve only got the one category,
and the category is Now Playing, questions about recent musicals. And for ten points: “All-American Prophet”
and “Tomorrow Is a Latter Day” are songs from what musical
from the creators ofSouth Park?Yes, Colin.>>The Book of Mormon.
>>COSTA: Yes. This time for 15 points. Based on a film
of the same name, what new musical set in London is about a talented
soccer player named Jess who rebels against
her strict Indian parents? Yes, Ani.>>Bend It Like Beckham.>>COSTA: Yes, and Now Playing
for 20 points. Based on a book by Roald Dahl,
what musical features a bright little girl
who’s bullied by her parents and her headmistress,
the fearsome Miss Trunchbull? Yes, Abhinav.>>Matilda.>>COSTA: Yes, and this time
Now Playing for 25 points. “One Fine Day”
and “I Feel the Earth Move” are songs fromBeautiful,a new musical
about what singer-songwriter who fought her way into the
record business as a teenager? Yes, Devin.
>>King.>>COSTA: Yes, Carole King. One more question,
Now Playing for 30 points. In 2015, who became the toast
of Broadway as the composer, lyricist, and star
of the hit musicalHamilton?>>Yes, Colin.>>Lin-Manuel Miranda.>>COSTA: That is correct
for 30 points. (buzzer) And there is the bell
ending the category round. So now the score, Advanced Math
and Science 375 points, Lexington High School
605 points. How about it, folks? This is
the championship round. (applause) Okay, we’re heading into the
final 90 seconds of gameplay. It is the lightning round, and you get 20 points
for each correct answer. Incorrect answers
will cost you 20. So the clock is set. Teams, good luck,
this is for the championship. What is the largest animal
in the world? Yes, Abhinav.>>Blue whale.
>>COSTA: Yes. Which planet is named
after the Roman god of war? Yes, Abhinav.>>Mars.
>>COSTA: Yes. The island of Bali
is part of what country?>>Indonesia.
>>COSTA: Yes. Visible-light wavelengths
are commonly denoted in what unit that’s
one billionth…? Yes, Abhinav.>>Uh, like… millihertz?>>No, nanometer. Name the junior United States
senator of Massachusetts.>>Ed Markey.
>>COSTA: Yes. Who wroteThe Tale
of Squirrel NutkinandThe Tale
of Jemima Puddle-Duck?Yes, Colin.>>Mother Goose.>>COSTA: No, Beatrix Potter. In 1954, what American scientist
won a Nobel Prize for his research into the nature
of the chemical bond? Yes, Ani.>>Lewis.>>COSTA: No, Linus Pauling. The story ofMoby Dickwas
inspired by what real-life…? Yes?>>No answer.>>COSTA: Okay,The Essex
was the answer. What Middle Eastern country
was created on May 14, 1948? Yes, Abhinav.>>Israel.
>>COSTA: Yes. Who is often credited
with inventing the first nonfiction novel
withIn Cold Blood?>>Truman Capote.
>>COSTA: Yes. American icon Julia Child made
her television debut in 1963 on what public television
program? Yes, Colin.>>The French Chef.
>>COSTA: Yes. Natural rubber is white. What common element added
to tire rubber…? Yes, Abhinav.>>Sulfur.>>COSTA: No, carbon. In 1972, what superhero appeared on the first regular issue of
Gloria Steinem’s Ms. Magazine?>>Wonder Woman.
>>COSTA: Yes. Which U.S. state has the most
electoral votes in the Electoral College?>>California.
>>COSTA: Yes. What Supreme Court justice
wrote the majority opinion in the Dred Scott…? Yes.>>Uh, Taney.
(buzzer)>>COSTA: Did he make it? Yes, he made it, so they get credit
for the point, but the winner and this year’s
High School Quiz Showchampion is Lexington High School,
with a score of 665 points. The runner-up with 415 points,
Advanced Math and Science. Wow, what a season! Congratulations to both teams
for this game, and another great season. But here’s the deal: Lexington
High School now will move on to the fourth annual
Governor’s Cup Challenge to take on the winner of New
Hampshire Public Television’sGranite State Challenge.But that’s it for now. Thank you so much for tuning in and watchingHigh School
Quiz Show,everybody! Check outHigh School Quiz Show
on YouTube for full episodes
and bonus features. Visit our website
at HighSchoolQuizShow.org. You can also follow us
on Facebook and Twitter.High School Quiz Showis available on Xfinity TV
On Demand from Comcast.>>Safety Insurance. Sometimes you need
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life’s storms. (cheers and applause) ♪ ♪>>A production of WGBH.